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Violating PeaceSex, Aid, and Peacekeeping$
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Jasmine-Kim Westendorf

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501748059

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501748059.001.0001

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One Problem among Many? An Integrated Response to Sexual Exploitation and Abuse

(p.134) Conclusion
Violating Peace

Jasmine-Kim Westendorf

Cornell University Press

This concluding chapter discusses how intervener cultures interact with the broad range of factors that challenge and undermine the effectiveness of peace operations, including by giving rise to the perpetration of sexual misconduct against local communities. In light of this, it details the key insights this book has revealed about the nature and impacts of sexual misconduct by interveners in peace operations and suggests how the international community might better address this issue and its complex, interlinked implications in the future. The chapter also reflects on the major shortcomings of policy on sexual exploitation and abuse to date, including the individualization of sexual exploitation and abuse, which relegates responses primarily to conduct and discipline policies rather than addressing the broader and systemic issues at play. It then considers the extent to which recent policy shifts might avoid replicating past mistakes in terms of sexual exploitation and abuse policy. Ultimately, recognizing the mutually reinforcing ways in which sexual exploitation and abuse by interveners undermines peacekeeping and peacebuilding outcomes and developing an effective and robust response to such misconduct and other interlinked peacekeeping challenges based on that understanding is crucial to the pursuit of global peace, order, and justice.

Keywords:   intervener cultures, peace operations, sexual misconduct, interveners, international community, sexual exploitation policy, sexual abuse policy, peacekeeping, peacebuilding, local communities

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