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Robber Barons and Wretched RefuseEthnic and Class Dynamics during the Era of American Industrialization$
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Robert F. Zeidel

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501748318

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501748318.001.0001

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Addressing the Reds

Addressing the Reds

Immigrants and the Postwar Great Scare of 1919–1921

(p.181) Chapter 8 Addressing the Reds
Robber Barons and Wretched Refuse

Robert F. Zeidel

Cornell University Press

This chapter describes how fear of radicalism defined the post-Great War Red Scare. Announcement on November 11, 1919, of an armistice ending the fighting in Europe had given Americans hope of a return to what future president Warren G. Harding would call normalcy, a renewed opportunity for the nation to enjoy its myriad benefits. Yet at least immediately this was not to be the case. Multiple manifestations of class-based dissent, in the form of strikes, protests, and horrific acts of violence, put the nation on edge. Much of the fervor focused on immigrants, as it had since the onset of industrialization, and Americans again turned their attention to the eradication of immigrant-engendered subversion. Ultimately, reaction to this Red Scare would set the stage for the implementation of new and more severe immigration policies.

Keywords:   radicalism, Red Scare, Warren G. Harding, class-based dissent, strikes, protests, immigrants, industrialization, immigrant-engendered subversion, immigration policies

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