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The Imperial ChurchCatholic Founding Fathers and United States Empire$
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Katherine D. Moran

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501748813

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501748813.001.0001

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Revising and Rejecting Antifriarism

Revising and Rejecting Antifriarism

(p.139) Chapter 5 Revising and Rejecting Antifriarism
The Imperial Church

Katherine D. Moran

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines American representations of Spanish friar history in the Philippines. It talks about how the Americans turned to the history of Spanish friars in order to think about their own colonial rule, beginning at the end of the Spanish–Cuban–American War in 1898 and continuing through the Philippine–American War and early U.S. colonial state-building process. The chapter also focuses on U.S. responses to widespread Filipino antifriar sentiment. American writers repeated Filipino antifriar critiques but refused to universalize them, instead treating what were structural critiques of the orders of friars as descriptions of the depths to which an individual friar might sink. It explains how most Americans writing about the Philippines drew a sharp historical line between the corruptible friars of the present and the heroic founding friars of the past, celebrating the earliest Spanish friars in the Philippines as Christianizing and civilizing heroes.

Keywords:   Spanish friar, Philippines, colonial rule, Spanish–Cuban–American War, Philippine–American War, Filipino, antifriar

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