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Freedom IncorporatedAnticommunism and Philippine Independence in the Age of Decolonization$
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Colleen Woods

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501749131

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501749131.001.0001

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Efficient, Honest, and Democratic

Efficient, Honest, and Democratic

U.S. Aid, Public Administration, and the Campaign against Corruption

(p.130) Chapter 4 Efficient, Honest, and Democratic
Freedom Incorporated

Colleen Woods

Cornell University Press

This chapter investigates U.S.-sponsored technocratic development and aid programs in the Philippines in the context of the local anticommunist politics that coexisted—and sometimes conflicted—under the umbrella of a globally oriented, U.S.-driven anticommunist project. Beginning in 1949, U.S. policymakers began to gain a sense of the scale of corruption in the new nation, and, into the 1950s, programs to address the problem were proposed on various technocratic levels. Public Administration Week, proposed in 1954, was just one of those proposals, but it would not be staged for another two years. In the interim, Filipinos saw a flurry of technocrats and specialists arrive to “clean up” their country, but they also heard increasingly ominous warnings about the threat of communism. In effect, two sets of anticommunist actors clashed over the most important geographic scale of the Cold War conflict: the local or the global. In both cases, anticommunist ideology helped Filipino elites and U.S. administrators push back against the vision of political and economic equality that was most vocally promoted by the targets of anticommunist campaigns.

Keywords:   U.S. aid programs, technocratic development, Philippines, anticommunist politics, corruption, Public Administration Week, technocrats, anticommunist ideology, Filipino elites, anticommunist campaigns

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