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City of Big ShouldersA History of Chicago$
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Robert G. Spinney

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501749599

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501749599.001.0001

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World War I and the Roaring Twenties, 1915–1929

World War I and the Roaring Twenties, 1915–1929

(p.150) Chapter 9 World War I and the Roaring Twenties, 1915–1929
City of Big Shoulders

Robert G. Spinney

Cornell University Press

This chapter explores the effects and significant indirect impact of World War I on Chicago. It points out how America was only a combatant in the war for slightly longer than a year, which is a period of time insufficient for the nation to mobilize fully for the war. It also discusses how the World War unleashed anti-German sentiments that severely affected the Chicago's sizeable German population. The chapter analyzes how the war drove Chicago employers to hire large numbers of African American laborers, which triggered a historic migration of southern blacks to the city. It also specifies how the war convinced politicians for ethnic and national allegiances to remain strong among the city's numerous immigrants.

Keywords:   World War I, Chicago, combatant, anti-German sentiments, African American, southern blacks, migration

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