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Reproductive CitizensGender, Immigration, and the State in Modern France, 1880-1945$
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Nimisha Barton

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501749636

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501749636.001.0001

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Neighborly Networks and Welfare Work under Vichy

Neighborly Networks and Welfare Work under Vichy

(p.181) Chapter 7 Neighborly Networks and Welfare Work under Vichy
Reproductive Citizens

Nimisha Barton

Cornell University Press

This chapter describes the 11th arrondissement that emerged as a sustained official target of rafles or Jewish roundups in consideration of the massive settlement of foreign Jews during the German Occupation of Paris. It discusses the German authorities that collaborated with Paris police forces in orchestrating two especially large rafles from August 20 and 21, 1941, one of which was centered on the onzième. It also mentions the Comité Amelot or the Groupe Amelot as France's first Jewish resistance organization that was founded in June 1940 and pursued social assistance during the war. The chapter explores the activities of the Groupe Amelot and its social workers, which were embedded within larger rescue networks throughout France that involved Jewish and non-Jewish assistantes sociales. It shows the continuities between interwar welfarist activity and wartime resistance work undertaken by female social workers.

Keywords:   Groupe Amelot, Comité Amelot, Jewish, female social workers, 11th arrondissement, Jewish roundups, Paris, foreign Jews, German Occupation, Jewish resistance

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