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Remains of SocialismMemory and the Futures of the Past in Postsocialist Hungary$
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Maya Nadkarni

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501750175

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501750175.001.0001

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Recovering National Victimhood at the House of Terror

Recovering National Victimhood at the House of Terror

(p.112) 4 Recovering National Victimhood at the House of Terror
Remains of Socialism

Maya Nadkarni

Cornell University Press

This chapter explores how the center-right, Fidesz-led coalition government revived remains as a looming threat in Hungary's postsocialist culture and politics at the time of the 2002 elections. It talks about Fidesz's creation of the House of Terror, a controversial museum to commemorate Hungary's victims of fascism and communism, that became the key to the shift in the politics of memory. It looks at the purpose of the House of Terror in reviving the remains of socialism as a hidden danger that threatened Hungary. Although the Statue Park Museum's democratic preservation of socialism's monuments ultimately attracted few visitors, the House of Terror's history of victimization would make it enduringly popular with a public that increasingly blamed the persistence of socialist remains for the failure to enter transition's promised future. The chapter also reviews the efforts in funding the creation of the House of Terror.

Keywords:   Fidesz, postsocialist Hungary, House of Terror, fascism, communism, socialism, Statue Park Museum

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