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The Justice DilemmaLeaders and Exile in an Era of Accountability$
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Daniel Krcmaric

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501750212

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501750212.001.0001

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The Justice Dilemma

The Justice Dilemma

(p.20) Chapter 2 The Justice Dilemma
The Justice Dilemma

Daniel Krcmaric

Cornell University Press

This chapter analyses the theory about the justice dilemma and derives testable hypotheses on how international justice shapes patterns of exile, civil war duration, and mass killing onset. It offers both quantitative and qualitative evidence to assess the theory on the justice dilemma in multiple ways. It also points out how exile traditionally offered an attractive golden parachute for all embattled rulers and provided a mechanism for leaders to give up power in a manner that is relatively costless. The chapter reviews the recent trend toward holding leaders accountable for atrocity crimes that are irrespective of national borders, which complicates the exile option. It refers to the signing of the ICC's Rome Statute and the arrest of former Chilean leader Augusto Pinochet that made the threat of arrest on foreign soil appear far more realistic.

Keywords:   justice dilemma, international justice, atrocity crimes, exile option, Augusto Pinochet, foreign soil

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