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Race-ing FargoRefugees, Citizenship, and the Transformation of Small Cities$
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Jennifer Erickson

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501751134

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501751134.001.0001

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The NGOization of Refugee Resettlement

The NGOization of Refugee Resettlement

(p.57) 2 The NGOization of Refugee Resettlement
Race-ing Fargo

Jennifer Erickson

Cornell University Press

This chapter explains the policies, politics, and everyday practices of the New American Services. It highlights the tensions surrounding citizenship and the role that nongovernmental (or nonprofit) organizations play in Fargo under neoliberalism by analyzing these practices in terms of the “NGOization” of refugee resettlement. The chapter defines NGOization as the proliferation of NGOs under neoliberalism as extensions, or new faces, of the state. It views NGOs from a feminist's lens, and challenges the master narrative that refugee resettlement was purely humanitarian or simply unaccountable. The chapter provides an overview of everyday resettlement practices and beliefs about resettlement staff, and how their work can be interpreted in regard to the larger social issues laid out in this book: race, citizenship, and diversity. It also talks about the Cooperative Agreement between the Government of the United States (the State Department and the Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration) and VOLAGS or voluntary agencies.

Keywords:   New American Services, nongovernmental organizations, nonprofit organizations, neoliberalism, refugee resettlement, resettlement practices, citizenship, voluntary agencies, Cooperative Agreement, VOLAGS

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