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More Than MedalsA History of the Paralympics and Disability Sports in Postwar Japan$
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Dennis J. Frost

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9781501753084

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501753084.001.0001

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The Paralympic Movement in Japan: An Imperfect Success Story

(p.1) Introduction
More Than Medals

Dennis J. Frost

Cornell University Press

This chapter focuses on discourses and practices surrounding five international sporting events held in Japan for athletes with disabilities. It reviews Japan's 1964 Paralympics, the FESPIC Games, the Ōita International Wheelchair Marathon, the 1998 Nagano Winter Paralympics, and the 2020 Summer Games. It also demonstrates how sports events for athletes with disabilities and representations of their athletes have challenged some of the stigmas associated with disability while reinforcing, or even generating, others. The chapter talks about organizers in 1964 who linked the Paralympics to efforts to promote changes in rehabilitation techniques in Japan. It looks at the efforts to use the Games to promote changes in approaches to disability that were equally apparent in the lead-up to Tokyo's second Paralympics.

Keywords:   1964 Paralympics, FESPIC Games, Ōita International Wheelchair Marathon, 1998 Nagano Winter Paralympics, 2020 Summer Games, rehabilitation techniques, Japan, disabled athletes

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