The Paralympic Movement in Japan: An Imperfect Success Story
This chapter focuses on discourses and practices surrounding five international sporting events held in Japan for athletes with disabilities. It reviews Japan's 1964 Paralympics, the FESPIC Games, the Ōita International Wheelchair Marathon, the 1998 Nagano Winter Paralympics, and the 2020 Summer Games. It also demonstrates how sports events for athletes with disabilities and representations of their athletes have challenged some of the stigmas associated with disability while reinforcing, or even generating, others. The chapter talks about organizers in 1964 who linked the Paralympics to efforts to promote changes in rehabilitation techniques in Japan. It looks at the efforts to use the Games to promote changes in approaches to disability that were equally apparent in the lead-up to Tokyo's second Paralympics.
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