Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Coming Home to a Foreign CountryXiamen and Returned Overseas Chinese, 1843-1938$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Soon Keong Ong

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9781501756184

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2022

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501756184.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM Cornell University Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.cornell.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Cornell University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in Cornell for personal use. date: 28 June 2022

Manipulating Identities

Manipulating Identities

States and Opportunities in Xiamen

(p.96) 4 Manipulating Identities
Coming Home to a Foreign Country

Soon Keong Ong

Cornell University Press

This chapter analyses the multifaceted identities of returned emigrants in Xiamen during its treaty port era through the lens of different power regimes — the Qing, Great Britain, Japan, and the Republic of China. It examines how they manipulated their identities for their own benefits. For those emigrants who had acquired foreign nationality, they had literally returned home to China as a “foreign” country. But for returned overseas Chinese in general, Xiamen was “foreign” also, because it was not entirely Chinese. In a sense, the chapter explains how Xiamen was situated “in-between” China and the world beyond after various contending political powers created a fluid environment in Xiamen. While the various states tried to identify, win over, and discipline the emigrants, the chapter reveals the chameleonic nature of the overseas Chinese and their conspicuous lack of deep ideological commitment to any one particular state.

Keywords:   multifaceted identities, returned emigrants, Xiamen, treaty port, China, foreign nationality, states, overseas Chinese

Cornell Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.