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The NeomercantilistsA Global Intellectual History$
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Eric Helleiner

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9781501760129

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2022

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501760129.001.0001

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Some Neglected Chinese Pioneers

Some Neglected Chinese Pioneers

(p.232) 8 Some Neglected Chinese Pioneers
The Neomercantilists

Eric Helleiner

Cornell University Press

This chapter focuses on neglected pioneers in China. The emergence of Chinese neomercantilist thought begins with the “protoneomercantilist” ideas of Wei Yuan after the First Opium War. The war resulted in commercial treaties that undermined the tightly controlled manner of Chinese authorities, who tried to manage the trade with Western merchants. Then, Zheng Guanying's ideas helped to inspire the most influential Chinese neomercantilist in the early twentieth century, Sun Yat-sen. The chapter discusses the aforementioned thinkers' ideologies stemming from older Chinese mercantilist traditions in line with neomercantilism found in Japan. Moreover, Chinese intellectual history highlights the importance of recognizing the diverse mercantilist traditions that inspired neomercantilists around the world.

Keywords:   Wei Yuan, First Opium War, Zheng Guanying, Sun Yat-sen, neomercantilism, Japan, commercial treaties, China

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