Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Frenemies – When Ideological Enemies Ally - Cornell Scholarship Online
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Frenemies: When Ideological Enemies Ally

Mark L. Haas


This book addresses policy-guiding puzzles such as: Why do international ideological enemies sometimes overcome their differences and ally against shared threats? Why, just as often, do such alliances fail? Alliances among ideological enemies confronting a common foe, or “frenemy” alliances, are unlike coalitions among ideologically similar states facing comparable threats. Members of frenemy alliances are perpetually torn by two powerful opposing forces. The book shows that shared material threats push these states together while ideological differences pull them apart. Each of these competin ... More

Keywords: frenemy alliances, ideological enemies, ideological difference, alliance formation, international relations

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2022 Print ISBN-13: 9781501761232
Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2022 DOI:10.7591/cornell/9781501761232.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Mark L. Haas, author
Duquesne University